To assess the impact of the occurrence of cardiac arrest associated with initial management on the outcome of severely hypothermic patients who were rewarmed with Extracorporeal Life Support (ECLS).
We collected the individual data of patients in a state of severe accidental hypothermia who were found with spontaneous circulation and rewarmed with ECLS, from cardiac surgery departments. Patients were divided into two groups: those with a subsequent cardiac arrest (RC group); and those with the retained circulation (HT3 group), and compared by using a matched-pair analysis. The mortality rates and the neurological status in survivors were compared as the main outcomes. The difference in the risk of death between the HT3 and RC groups was calculated.
A total of 124 patients were included into the study: 45 in the HT3 group and 79 in the RC group. The matched cohorts consisted of 45 HT3 patients and 45 RC patients. The mortality rate in both groups was 24% and 49% (p = 0.02) respectively; the relative risk of death was 2.0 (p = 0.02). ICU length of stay was significantly longer in the RC group (p < 0.001). Factors associated with survival in the HT3 group included patient age, rewarming rate, and blood BE; while in the RC group, patient age and lactate concentration.
The occurrence of rescue collapse is linked to a doubling of the risk of death in severely hypothermic patients. Procedures which are known as potential triggers of rescue collapse should be performed with special attention, including in conscious patients.
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Published online: April 27, 2021
Accepted: April 14, 2021
Received in revised form: March 26, 2021
Received: February 22, 2021
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