Clinical paper| Volume 160, P94-102, March 2021

Analyze Whilst Compressing algorithm for detection of ventricular fibrillation during CPR: A comparative performance evaluation for automated external defibrillators



      The aim of this study was to present new combination of algorithms for rhythm analysis during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in automated external defibrillators (AED), called Analyze Whilst Compressing (AWC), designed for decreasing pre-shock pause and early stopping of chest compressions (CC) for treating refibrillation.


      Two stages for AED rhythm analysis were presented, namely, “Standard Analysis Stage” (conventional shock-advisory analysis run over 5 s after CC interruption every two minutes) and “AWC Stage” (two-step sequential analysis process during CPR). AWC steps were run in presence of CC (Step1), and if shockable rhythm was detected then a reconfirmation step was run in absence of CC (Step2, analysis duration 5 s).


      In total 16,057 ECG strips from 2916 out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients treated with AEDs (DEFIGARD TOUCH7, Schiller Médical, France) were subjected patient-wise to AWC training (8559 strips, 1604 patients) and validation (7498 strips, 1312 patients). Considering validation results, “Standard Analysis Stage” presented ventricular fibrillation (VF) sensitivity Se = 98.3% and non-shockable rhythm specificity Sp>99%; “AWC Stage” decision after Step2 reconfirmation achieved Se = 92.1%, Sp>99%.


      AWC presented similar performances to other AED algorithms during CPR, fulfilling performance goals recommended by standards. AWC provided advances in the challenge for improving CPR quality by: (i) not interrupting chest compressions for prevalent part of non-shockable rhythms (66–83%); (ii) minimizing pre-shock pause for 92.1% of VF patients. AWC required hands-off reconfirmation in 34.4% of cases. Reconfirmation was also common limitation of other reported algorithms (25.7–100%) although following different protocols for triggering chest compression resumption and shock delivery.


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