Clinical paper| Volume 151, P10-17, June 2020

The influence of prolonged temperature management on acute kidney injury after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: A post hoc analysis of the TTH48 trial



      Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common after cardiac arrest and targeted temperature management (TTM). The impact of different lengths of cooling on the development of AKI has not been well studied. In this study of patients included in a randomised controlled trial of TTM at 33 °C for 24 versus 48 h after cardiac arrest (TTH48 trial), we examined the influence of prolonged TTM on AKI and the incidence and factors associated with the development of AKI. We also examined the impact of AKI on survival.


      This study was a sub-study of the TTH48 trial, which included patients cooled to 33 ± 1 °C after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest for 24 versus 48 h. AKI was classified according to the KDIGO AKI criteria based on serum creatinine and urine output collected until ICU discharge for a maximum of seven days. Survival was followed for up to six months. The association of admission factors on AKI was analysed with multivariate analysis and the association of AKI on mortality was analysed with Cox regression using the time to AKI as a time-dependent covariate.


      Of the 349 patients included in the study, 159 (45.5%) developed AKI. There was no significant difference in the incidence, severity or time to AKI between the 24- and 48-h groups. Serum creatinine values had significantly different trajectories for the two groups with a sharp rise occurring during rewarming. Age, time to return of spontaneous circulation, serum creatinine at admission and body mass index were independent predictors of AKI. Patients with AKI had a higher mortality than patients without AKI (hospital mortality 36.5% vs 12.5%, p < 0.001), but only AKI stages 2 and 3 were independently associated with mortality.


      We did not find any association between prolonged TTM at 33 °C and the risk of AKI during the first seven days in the ICU. AKI is prevalent after cardiac arrest and TTM and occurs in almost half of all ICU admitted patients and more commonly in the elderly, with an increasing BMI and longer arrest duration. AKI after cardiac arrest is an independent predictor of time to death.


      AKI (acute kidney injury), BMI (body mass index), CKD (chronic kidney disease), GFR (glomerular filtration ratio), KDIGO (kidney disease improving global outcome), OHCA (out-of-hospital cardiac arrest), ROSC (return of spontaneous circulation), RRT (renal replacement therapy), sCr (serum creatinine), sUr (serum uread), TTM (targeted temperature management), UO (urine output)


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