Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in schools. A systematic review

      Purpose: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in children and adolescents is rare, with only a minority of cases occurring while at school. When Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) does occur on school premises it is more likely to affect an adult (staff member or visitor) than a pupil. The difficulty of predicting school-based OHCA among both paediatric and adult populations hinders the planning of prevention or treatment strategies. Many schools have installed Automatic External Defibrillators (AED), but developing comprehensive strategies (including the need for an AED and the necessary training) would be helped by accurate data regarding the epidemiology of cardiac arrest occurring at schools.
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