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Utility of the Pentax-AWS® without interruption of chest compression: Comparison of the Macintosh laryngoscope with the Pentax-AWS® in manikin model

  • Sang Kuk Han
    Affiliations
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea
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  • Dong Hyuk Shin
    Affiliations
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea
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  • Pil Cho Choi
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author at: Department of Emergency Medicine, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 108 Pyung-Dong, Jongno-Gu, Seoul 110-746, Republic of Korea. Tel.: +82 2 2001 2488; fax: +82 2 2001 2891.
    Affiliations
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea
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      Abstract

      Background

      Emergency airway management in suboptimal conditions can result in difficulties in tracheal intubation. The video laryngoscope (Pentax-AWS®) has potential advantages during difficult tracheal intubations. According to the 2005 guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), all rescuers should minimize interruption of chest compressions. Our hypothesis is that tracheal intubation using the Pentax-AWS® is possible without interruption of chest compressions. We tested this using tracheal intubation performed by less experienced medical personnel in a manikin model.

      Methods

      Thirty-two less experienced (<10 tracheal intubations) medical interns performed intubation using the Pentax-AWS® and the Macintosh laryngoscope in an ALS simulator (Laerdal, Stavanger, Norway) in each of three scenarios. The three scenarios were: (1) normal airway without chest compression, (2) normal airway with continuous chest compression, and (3) difficult airway with continuous chest compression. The success rate, time required to complete tracheal intubation and to visualize vocal cords, POGO (percentage of glottic opening) score, dental compression and the ease of intubation were recorded.

      Results

      All participants performed successful intubation with the Pentax-AWS® in the three scenarios. In the two continuous chest compression scenarios (scenarios 2 and 3), the success rate was significantly higher with the Pentax-AWS® than with the Macintosh laryngoscope.

      Conclusions

      The Pentax-AWS® was an effective tool for endotracheal intubation during chest compression performed by less experienced medical personnel in a manikin model simulating cardiac arrest, both under conditions of normal and difficult airways.

      Keywords

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