Vladimir A. Negovsky the father of ‘reanimatology’

      Vladimir A. Negovsky of Moscow (Fig. 1, Fig. 2) created the science of resuscitation medicine [
      • Safar P.
      Citation for Vladimir Negovsky for Honorary Membership of the European Resuscitation Council.
      ,
      • Kassil V.L.
      Remarks on P. Safar Citation for Vladimir Negovsky for Honorary Membership of the European Resuscitation Council.
      ]. This he calls ‘reanimatology’ [
      • Negovsky V.A.
      Reanimatology today: some scientific and philosophic considerations.
      ], which includes the prevention and treatment of critical terminal states and post-resuscitation disease. This term makes more sense than our terms ‘resuscitation’ and ‘intensive care’ for two reasons: First, it focuses on ‘anima’ the mind or spirit, indicating that resuscitation efforts must aim for survival without brain damage. Secondly it focuses on science (‘--ology’) while our terms mean methods. Americans, however, may think of ‘anima'as animation for Disney movies. A compromise would be to equate ‘critical care medicine’ (CCM) with ‘resuscitology’ [
      • Safar P.
      Reanimatology — the science of resuscitation.
      ] and to identify CPR as methods of basic, advanced, and prolonged life support, i.e. ‘cardiopulmonary–cerebral resuscitation’ (CPCR) [
      • Safar P.
      • Bircher N.G.
      ].
      Figure thumbnail gr1
      Fig. 1Portrait of Vladimir Negovsky in the 1980s.
      Figure thumbnail gr2
      Fig. 2The Pittsburgh–Moscow Connection as it began in 1962. Vladimir Negovsky (left), with Peter Safar, Chairman of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh (right), and Hugh Rosomoff, Professor of Neurosurgery, University of Pittsburgh (center), visiting in 1963 at the reanimatology laboratory of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences on 25th October St., Moscow. This picture was taken during one of Negovsky's exsanguination cardiac arrest-arterial resuscitation dog experiments. Guy Knickerbocker of Baltimore was also present, then working on defibrillation with Naum Gurvich in Negovsky's laboratory.
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